Musket & Tomahawk: A Military History of the French & Indian War, 1753-1760 (Regiments & Campaigns)

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Musket & Tomahawk: A Military History of the French & Indian War, 1753-1760 (Regiments & Campaigns)

Musket & Tomahawk: A Military History of the French & Indian War, 1753-1760 (Regiments & Campaigns)

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Pennsylvania was much better in that respect and Forbes, who rightly considered that the operation depended crucially on good logistic support, decided to stay in that province. There was another possibility: the Old Trading Path used by Indians and fur traders that went right across western Pennsylvania. It started at Harris Ferry on the Susquehanna River and progressed west through the Alleghany Mountains to the headwaters of the Ohio River where Fort Duquesne stood. It would have the advantage of good logistical support thanks to ample means of transportation that were available in Pennsylvania. A stretch of the trail called Burd’s Road, going west up to Raystown (later Fort Bedford), 36

Strategic map of the conquest of Canada, 1758–60; Lord Loudoun’s grand strategic plan was carried out over three years. In 1758 two of the year’s three objectives fell: Fortress Louisbourg in July and Fort Duquesne in November. They were repulsed at Fort Carillon (Ticonderoga), but took it the following year along with Quebec and Niagara. In 1760 three armies marched on the ultimate objective, Montreal, where the French army capitulated on September 8. (Collection and photo: Directorate of History and Heritage, Department of National Defence, Ottawa) evacuation of Hanover. This disaster forced the French government to send more troops to the German front, where they were met with further defeats. Consequently, France’s overseas empire was neglected. No substantial reinforcements were sent to Canada thereafter. The American colonies meanwhile greeted a steady flow of reinforcements arriving from Britain, such as the 17th, 77th, and 78th (the latter two both Highland) regiments in 1757. The following year the 15th, 28th, 58th, and 62nd line infantry regiments, as well as more gunners, joined the army already in place. In addition, a light infantry regiment, the 80th, was raised, bringing the regular British army in North America to approximately 23,000 men. American troops raised in the various “provinces” and serving full-time from the spring to the late fall of each year represented another 22,000 officers and men in the field during 1758. Additional to these provincial troops were about 200,000 American colonialVisit Fort Ligonier for a surprisingly great collection of top notch artifacts and paintings from the period as well as a painstakingly reconstructed period fort. brass light 12-pdr cannons 8 brass light 6-pdr cannons 2 brass 8-inch howitzers 2 brass 5½-inch howitzers 1 brass 8-inch mortar 2 brass 5½-inch mortars 12 brass 4 2/5-inch (Coehorn) mortars

the sound of fearsome war whoops, the French and Canadians devastated the regular troops who were trained for linear tactics with muskets and bayonets. Their The Papers of Henry Bouquet Colonial Office The British Defeat of the French in Pennsylvania 1758 Documents Relative to the Colonial History of the State of New York Writings of General John Forbes War Office A column of about 500 men under Captain Aubry heads toward the hills, edging the Monongahela River.


Tomahawk and Musket – French and Indian Raids in the Ohio Valley 1758 Map of North America in the 1750s. Spain, France, and Great Britain had various claims to substantial parts of America, much of it, such as Rupert’s Land or western Canada, unsettled by European powers. (Author’s photo) Muskets & Tomahawks is a set of rules for recreating skirmishes during the major wars of the 18th and 19th centuries. Tomahawk and Musket – French and Indian Raids in the Ohio Valley 1758 road was dubious to say the least in America’s wilderness. The general therefore cut down the ordnance accompanying the army to: • • • • • • • For his part, General Lévis, secondin-command in Canada, consigned the following account of Grant’s defeat Before leaving Carillon [Ticonderoga], we learned during the last days of Regimental color of the 77th

GRANT’S RAID ON FORT DUQUESNE SEPTEMBER 14, 1758 Undetected during its approach, the Anglo-American force announced its presence by setting fire to an outlying building and signaling the advance with pipes and drums. In the fort, the alarm was raised and, within minutes, the defenders assembled. A force under Captain Aubry headed along the bank of the Monongahela, towards the hills occupied by Grant’s force, while Commandant Lignery remained with some 200 men at the fort. Once he reached the hills, Aubry’s force turned into the woods and fell upon Grant’s flank. Meanwhile, Indian allies, most of whom appear to have been camped across the Allegheny, had been also alerted and entered the fight in increasing numbers. The Anglo-American advance slowed then stopped as it was overwhelmed by expert woodsmen in an environment for which it was unprepared. Soon, panic set in and the Anglo-American force broke, with many who could not swim attempting to cross the Monongahela and Grant himself being captured. The raid was an absolute and costly fiasco. Speaking of missions my absolute favourite thing about Muskets and Tomahawks (and if you’ve read my comments on OTT I do mention this a lot) are the Side Plots. Every game should have side plots, 40K, AoS, Flames of War, Bolt Action, Monopoly all of them need some good side plots. British and American troops, ordnance, ammunition, and supply wagons moving on Forbes Road, built across Pennsylvania during the summer and fall of 1758. (Painting by Nat Youngblood. Fort Pitt Museum, Pittsburg. Author’s photo.) Origins Skirmish in Hampshire County, West Virginia, Spring 1756. In the early part of the war, the French, Canadians, and their allied Indians prevailed on the frontier. However, the Colonial Americans did have the occasional success against these raiders. In the spring of 1756, Virginia Militia Captain Jeremiah Smith of Albemarle County arrived in Hampshire County, Virginia, then on the western edge of settlement and today part of West Virginia. He was just in time: “...a party of about 50 Indians, with a French captain at their head, crossed the Allegheny Mountains... Capt. Smith raised a party of twenty brave men, marched to meet this...foe, and fell in with them at the head of the Capon River, when a fierce and bloody battle was fought. Smith killed the captain with his own hand; five other Indians have fallen...they gave way and fled.” Episodes such as this were repeated scores of times in the frontier counties In this book you will find the core rules, as well as a set of special rules to recreate the peculiarities of the small war: spotting the enemy, hidden movement, the varying reactions of units with different doctrines, combat in unusual conditions, and officers’ ambitions and personal intrigues. Apart from this rulebook, you’ll need the Muskets & Tomahawks supplement that covers the period you want to recreate to start playing your first gamesJohn Campbell, Earl of Loudoun, c.1753. During his tenure as commanderin-chief in North America during 1756 and 1757, General Loudoun formulated the master strategy that was followed by the British government for the conquest of New France. He is shown in the uniform of the 30th Regiment of Foot. (Collection and photo: Fort Ligonier, Pennsylvania) Examples of the specialised scenarios in the expansion are Massacre, a scenario about a raiding force killing civilians. Raid, a scenario about destroying buildings. Capture, a scenario about capturing buildings. Exploration, a scenario about tagging the table edge and retreating. Battle, the basic kill points scenario. Some examples include; your officer being drunk, not wanting to get a new uniform dirty, having a brilliant Commander who has to die, not being the first to initiate hostilities, not having any units rout, battlefield negotiations, your Commander being an old man, passing a letter to an enemy officer in the middle of a battle, being friends with the enemy leader and not wanting him killed, despising the enemy leader and wanting him killed and one of my favourites ‘A Good Day to Die’ which involves your Commander getting killed in melee combat.

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